By Hans-Peter Wiendahl
Load-Oriented production Control is exclusive because it supplies entire and self-contained ideas for the implementation of a suitable creation keep an eye on means of basic applicability. it's in accordance with the "funnel model", a brand new method of scheduling and scheduling keep an eye on which has an in depth tracking and analysis method. Its most crucial process elements contain throughput diagrams, load-oriented order unencumber, schedule-oriented means making plans and keep watch over. The "funnel version" is getting expanding implementation in production businesses. it's on hand in different variations and is principally major for the job-shop and sequence creation. Load-Oriented production Control offers quite a few useful examples and is hence fairly effortless to appreciate. It deals direct implementation of this new vital method in production scheduling and control.
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Additional resources for Load-Oriented Manufacturing Control
1 Single Steps in Lead Time Scheduling Determining Lead Times In order lead time scheduling, the aggregate lead time is composed of the lead times of each of the single operations. Each operation lead time consists of two components: the operation time, and the interoperation time between the upstream work center and the work center in question. For the very first operation, the interoperation time is the time between the release of material and its arrival at the gateway work center. In backward scheduling - with a known due date and a start date to be determined - the calculation is performed as shown in Fig.
Time Period Fig. 12. Order-related and capacity-related scheduling (After Brankamp ) In Case A the load varies about a normal capacity value for short periods. In this case one can try to smooth the load profile by operations offset within the limits of their buffers, or by alternate processing, in order to avoid both idle times at the work centers or overloads. In Case B one can see a medium-term reduction in requirements. In this case capacity can be reduced, for example by cutting out a shift or disusing a machine.
In this process already released orders have to be taken into account. Thus for each load center, a load profile is found for comparison with the capacity profile stating the available capacity. If the available and required capacities differ over a long period of time, then the capacity must be adjusted, for example with overtime, shorter working weeks, multiple shifts, or subcontracting. Short-term fluctuations are counter-balanced, if possible, by shifting single operations in time without, however, jeopardizing the whole orders's due date.