By William J. Tranquilli, Kurt A. Grimm, Leigh A. Lamont, Margaret E. Hodson, Duncan M. Geddes
This complete revision of the well-received first version presents every thing clinician treating sufferers with cystic fibrosis will want in one quantity. quite a lot of new info has collected over the last 5 years, starting from advances within the simple clinical figuring out of the , via novel treatment plans to advancements within the supply of care either within the clinic and the house. to mirror those advancements, new chapters were additional on diagnostic genotype/phenotype correlations, screening, reproductive concerns, surgical procedure, caliber of existence and overall healthiness economics, whereas different components reminiscent of the association of domestic care were accelerated. Edited through senior physicians from one of many greatest cystic fibrosis facilities on the earth (London's Brompton clinic) and with elevated enter from top gurus in North the USA, Europe and Australia featuring a very overseas viewpoint, and should identify the e-book because the crucial reference within the box.
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Additional resources for Cystic Fibrosis
The GC content of the promoter region was high, averaging 65 per cent of the first 500 base pairs; 3. in addition to the major transcription start site, multiple minor transcription start sites were also identified; 4. a number of potential SP1 binding sites were identified; 5. the level of expression of the CFTR gene within bronchial epithelium was found to be low. Determination of the nucleotide sequence of the CFTR promoter of eight mammalian species, representing four different orders, indicates great divergence in sequence conservation in a's-transcriptional regulatory elements between two groups: • one that includes human, nonhuman primates, cow and rabbit (nonrodent); and • the second group that includes rodents41.
The suggestion that the CFTR gene may be a housekeeping gene is based on five observations: 1. there was no TATA or CAAT box element within the first 500 base pairs upstream of the major transcription start site; 2. the GC content of the promoter region was high, averaging 65 per cent of the first 500 base pairs; 3. in addition to the major transcription start site, multiple minor transcription start sites were also identified; 4. a number of potential SP1 binding sites were identified; 5. the level of expression of the CFTR gene within bronchial epithelium was found to be low.
Most of the sequence of the protein is predicted to be either intracytoplasmic, or tightly bound to the membrane15. A small Potential site for phosphorylation by protein kinase A Potential site for phosphorylation by protein kinase C Fig. 2 Structure of the CFTR protein and its relationship to the plasma membrane. region of the protein, between transmembrane domains 7 and 8, contains two potential glycosylation sites, and is predicted to be exposed to the exterior surface15. Although the two halves of the protein are similar in structure, the sequence identity between them is only modest.