By J. Richards
Cyber-War presents a severe evaluation of present debates round the chance and impression of cyber struggle. imminent the topic from a socio-political attitude, it argues that harmful cyber warfare has no longer but been noticeable, yet can be a characteristic of destiny clash.
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Extra resources for Cyber-War: The Anatomy of the global Security Threat
The 2008 war between Russia and Georgia, which I will examine more closely below in the second category of cyber warfare activities, contained important elements of cyber-enabled information operations. 0005 Has Cyber War Happened? the activities of the Syrian Electronic Army within the context of the civil war in Syria. The case of Israel and Hezbollah is an interesting one in terms of the frameworks and categories we have presented so far. For a start, from the perspective of international law, Hezbollah is not a state actor as such (even if it receives some state patronage) and so cannot be directly party to UN conventions on jus ad bellum or jus in bello, as is the case with any number of sub-state insurgent or terrorist actors.
0005 Has Cyber War Happened? Notes Of course, I am not suggesting that a failure to ratify the Vienna Convention means that states ignore all aspects of international law, and, indeed, will often appeal to its provisions in negotiations within the UN. N. Schmitt (1999) Computer Network Attack and the Use of Force in International Law: Thoughts on a Normative Framework (Wright-Patterson AFB, OH: US Air Force, Institute for Information Technology), p. 7. reut/, date accessed 18 November 2013.
Within this context, cyber-enabled information operations have played an important role. In the long-running dispute between Israel and Hezbollah, narratives and information are critically important. Both sides wish to disseminate messages about the legitimacy of their cause and the justifications for their actions, weaving into the story narratives about land, history and security. Cyberspace has become an important field in which the battle of ideas can be played, and has been the place for attacks against each other’s information channels, using such techniques as distributed denial of service (DDoS), defacement of websites, and even video games3 and fully fledged television channels such as Al-Manar.