By Kitayama, Miyamoto
Upon watching another’s socially limited habit, humans frequently ascribe to the individual an perspective that corresponds to the habit. This impression (called the correspondence bias, or CB) may result both as the socially limited habit remains to be diagnostic of an underlying perspective of the actor or as the perceiver has a mental bias that favors dispositional attributions. As estimated, while a socially limited habit used to be diagnostic of the actor’s perspective, either american citizens and eastern confirmed an both robust CB. by contrast, while the habit was once made minimally diagnostic, american citizens persisted to teach a robust CB, yet eastern ceased to teach any CB (Study 1). moreover, a mediational research printed that the cross-cultural distinction is due partly to the character of specific inferences generated online in the course of attitudinal judgment (Study 2). Implications for the cultural grounding of social belief are discussed.2
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Extra info for Cultural Variations in Correspondence Bias: The Critical Role of Attitude Diagnosticity of Socially Constrained Behavior
If the legal system is going to kill a murderer for his act of killing another human being, then the system is setting a bad example itself by killing the murderer, who is also a human being. More importantly, capital punishment can make young people be confused about what is right and what is wrong. Secondly, capital punishment cannot deter criminals from committing their brutal criminal acts. To the contrary, it stimulates their aggression and consequently results in more severe violence. Thirdly, although it is said that capital punishment can console the feeling of victim, there is some doubt about its appropriateness.
However, the effect of capital punishment is quite uncertain. In addition, I think that nothing is more precious than human life, and no one should be deprived of life by the judgment of others. We should realize that because capital punishment has many shortcomings, it should be rescinded.
To the contrary, it stimulates their aggression and consequently results in more severe violence. Thirdly, although it is said that capital punishment can console the feeling of victim, there is some doubt about its appropriateness. Finally, capital punishment is an outcome of irrational and emotional decision making. Every so often, one hears that an innocent person has been found guilty of a crime because the real criminal later comes forward to take responsibility for his actions. “An eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth” is primitive and irrational thinking, which cannot be applied to modern society.