Criminology: A Reader by Yvonne Jewkes, Gayle Letherby

By Yvonne Jewkes, Gayle Letherby

This reader offers a accomplished advent for college students learning criminology at undergraduate point. not just does the ebook comprise 34 crucial readings, but in addition editorial remark with part introductions, examine questions, and proposals for extra interpreting. The reader will offer an intensive grounding in concerns with regards to the learn of crime, the legal justice approach, and social keep watch over. of their choice the editors have sought to point crime's diverse and conflicting background in addition to its present debates. the combination of ancient and newer readings indicates various views. The Reader should be a necessary sourcebook for college students and lecturers within the fields of criminology, legal justice experiences, the sociology of crime and deviance, socio- felony reports, social coverage, legal legislation and social paintings.

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This kind of opportunity structure, it was suggested, provides an alternative route for status and success for those who join it. Cloward and Ohlin’s theory facilitates an understanding of the ways in which different kinds of delinquent subcultures come to be prevalent in different kinds of urban locations; from the retreatist gang (those primarily engaged in drugs), to the conflict gang (those most concerned with violence), the variable factor which predicts which outcome being the level of integration between the different opportunity structures.

Becker in Reading 3). Finally, in her analysis of theories that have directed attention to the criminality of the state, Walklate discusses some of the so-called ‘radical’ criminologies: Marxism; the ‘new criminology’; and critical criminology, each of which extends and develops the thinking of its predecessor. Three other perspectives which are often categorized as ‘radical’ are left realism and feminism, which are included later in this part (Readings 4 and 6) and postmodernism, which is referred to in Reading 10 and represented in Reading 29.

These ideas, in their initial formulation, were important in that they shifted attention towards punishing the offensive behaviour rather than ‘punishing’ the individual’s social or physical characteristics in and of themselves. This shift consequently had an enormous influence on changing attitudes towards punishment and towards the purpose of the law and the legal system. Classical ideas about crime and punishment can be found in the works of a number of different writers. The writings of Beccaria (1738–94) and Bentham (1748–1832), however, were especially influential.

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