CONSTRUCTIVE CRITICS, HAADITH LITERATURE, AND THE by Scott C. Lucas, S. C. Lucas

By Scott C. Lucas, S. C. Lucas

Demonstrating the principal function of third/ninth century hadîth students within the articulation of Sunnî Islam, this e-book bases its findings mostly upon the research of a number of biographical dictionaries, resembling al-Dhahabî’s Tadhkirat al-huffâz, Ibn Sa'd’s Kitâb al-tabaqât al-kabîr, and collections of the severe reviews of Ibn Maʿîn and Ibn Hanbal.

Part I establishes conceptual and old frameworks for the examine of Sunnî hadîth scholarship.

Part II examines intimately the 3 foundational ideas of Sunnî Islam: 1) the collective probity of the sahâba, 2) the self-discipline of hadîth-transmitter feedback, and three) a historic imaginative and prescient of the authoritative channels during which hadîth traversed the 2 centuries among the lifetime of the Prophet Muhammad and the 1st significant hadîth books.

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L 'Abbas al-Durl (d. 271 /884-5), and Ibn I:Ianbal's son and sole compiler of the Musnad, 'Abdullah b. mad (d. 290/903) at the conclusion of this chapter. th scholars, namely the collective authority of the ~a~iiba, the invention and broad application of ~adfth-transmitter criticism, and a shared historical vision as to paths by which most ~adfth traversed the two century gulf between the life of the Prophet Mu\:lammad and the compilation of books. Chapter six is devoted to the first of these pillars, namely the collective authority of the ~a~iiba, and begins with an extensive review of the individual ~ababa who were involved in the intra-Muslim conflict that plagued the first thirty years of the post-prophetic Islamic community.

Vluqaddima Ibn al-$al#, 485-505. ;; These six ~alJiiba are Abii Hurayra, Ibn 'Umar, 'A'isha, Jabir b. 'Abdullah, Ibn 'Abbas, and Anas b. ik. :-ira, I, 40. ·,; 'Umar, 'Air, Cbayy, Zayd b. Thabit, Abu 1-Darda', Ibn Mas'iid. :\mir b. Shara~rl al-Hamdanr; at- T abaqiit al-kubrii, VI, 479 and Tadhkira, I, 63. :\"either Ibn Sa'd nor ai-Dhahabr give his death date. , whereas Ibn I:lajar merely says he died after I 00; see Ibn Qutayba, al-Ma'iirij, ed. Tharwa 'Akasha (Cairo, 1960), 449 and Ibn I:Iajar, Taqrib, 230.

Al-Dhahabi, 420-3. 60 61 16 CHAPTER ONE the hitherto neglected historical development of badith scholarship during the first seven centuries of Islamic civilization. ' Chapter four builds upon this historical survey by examining the favorite master scholars of ten famous Sunnf badith critics who flourished during the third through seventh phases of badith scholarship. The critics whose preferences are investigated in this chapter are 'All b. al-Madlnf (d. 234/849), Muslim b. al-l;Iajjaj (d. 261 /874), Ibn Abr l;Iatim (d.

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