Confronting Past Human Rights Violations: Justice vs. Peace by Chandra Lekha Sriram

By Chandra Lekha Sriram

This ebook examines what makes responsibility for earlier violations kind of attainable for transitional regimes to accomplish. It heavily examines the opposite important ambitions of such regimes opposed to which responsibility is usually balanced. the choices on hand usually are not easily prosecution or pardon, because the so much heated polemics of the talk over transitional justice recommend, yet various suggestions from entire amnesty via fact commissions and lustration or purification to prosecutions. The query, then, isn't even if responsibility should be completed, yet what measure of responsibility will be accomplished by way of a given country.The concentration of the booklet is at the politics of transition: what makes responsibility roughly possible and what ideas are deployed by way of regimes to accomplish larger responsibility (or then again, higher reform). the result's a extra nuanced realizing of the several stipulations and chances that nations face, and the lesson that there's no one-size-fits-all prescription that may be passed to transitional regimes.

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Even before authoritarian and/or military regimes step down, the question of the relative strengths of government and opposition is a salient one. Elites do not operate in a vacuum, but rather their hold on power will depend on the degree to which they have consolidated and institutionalized it and the degree of opposition offered by other societal forces. 33 Obviously where a military/authoritarian regime has actually been ousted it will be in a particularly weak position vis-à-vis the forces of reform.

574–86. Huntington, ‘Reforming Civil-Military Relations’, pp. 9–17. Finer, The Man on Horseback, pp. 20, 41, 188. Finer, The Man on Horseback, pp. 5, 12. Finer, The Man on Horseback, pp. 20–6. Finer, The Man on Horseback, pp. 28–49. See also Nordlinger, Soldiers in Politics, pp. 66–71, arguing that these corporate interests include budgetary support, military autonomy, absence of functional rivals and the survival of the military. Finer, The Man on Horseback, pp. 55–63. Finer, The Man on Horseback, pp.

Finally, international/external factors. Not only international involvement in a conflict and its resolution, but also shifts in the structure of international politics, may affect the nature of transitions. 9 Regimes may change because the external environment has changed (for example, a patron ceases to support a repressive regime), in part as a result of shifting norms, or examples set by neighbours, in response to pressure such as aid conditionality, or because of the forces of transnational non-state actors.

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