Communicating Social Support (Advances in Personal by Daena J. Goldsmith

By Daena J. Goldsmith

We regularly flip to our associates, family members, spouses, and companions for assist in dealing with day-by-day rigidity or significant crises. Daena Goldsmith presents a communication-based strategy for figuring out why a few conversations approximately difficulties are extra important than others. not like different examine at the social aid techniques, Goldsmith specializes in interpersonal communication--what humans say and the way they are saying it, in addition to their reactions to the conversations. Her stories conceal adults of every age and diverse varieties of stresses, starting from daily hassles to critical health problems and different significant crises.

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Extra info for Communicating Social Support (Advances in Personal Relationships)

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There is much to be gained from studying this first set of the links in the chain of relationships represented in Figure 1 and failure to do so may help to explain why previous attempts to demonstrate a buffering effect of enacted support have been largely unsuccessful. These communication processes are complex and important mediators of any subsequent effects we might observe on individual coping and, more distally, on well-being. To overlook consequential variation in the ways support is enacted introduces noise into the measurements of enacted support.

What one perceiver remembers, another forgets. This source of discrepancy is most likely in studies that solicit reports over a longer time frame. For example, in rating the support provided in the past month, one spouse might focus on a particularly heroic instance of tangible support. If reminded, the forgetful partner might well agree that the support occurred and that it was useful but if she overlooks it in her independent ratings, she might report receiving a lower level of support than her partner reports providing.

For either set of questions, there could be a number of explanations. We could explain their behavior or reactions with reference to individual personality, cognition, motivation, or emotion. Although research on actual supportive interactions is still relatively rare, those who have studied conversations have typically sought to understand cognitive, motivational, or emotional processes and/or to show how individual mood states or personality traits moderate the operation of these processes. Without denying the utility of these sorts of questions and explanations, I propose an alternative and equally important research agenda that focuses on features of the talk itself and the communicative processes that link features of talk to participant interpretations and evaluations of that talk.

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