By Armen T. Marsoobian, Brian J. Huschle, Eric Cavallero(eds.)
Via a chain of essays contributed through clinicians, clinical historians, and renowned ethical philosophers, Cognitive incapacity and Its problem to ethical Philosophy addresses the moral, bio-ethical, epistemological, old, and meta-philosophical questions raised by means of cognitive incapacity
- Features essays by means of a trendy clinicians and clinical historians of cognitive incapacity, and fashionable modern philosophers similar to Ian Hacking, Martha Nussbaum, and Peter Singer
- Represents the 1st assortment that brings jointly philosophical discussions of Alzheimer's affliction, intellectual/developmental disabilities, and autism lower than the rubric of cognitive incapacity
- Offers insights into different types like Alzheimer's, psychological retardation, and autism, in addition to concerns resembling care, personhood, justice, company, and responsibility
Chapter 1 advent: Rethinking Philosophical Presumptions in gentle of Cognitive incapacity (pages 1–25): Licia Carlson and Eva Feder Kittay
Chapter 2 the boundaries of the clinical version: old Epidemiology of highbrow incapacity within the usa (pages 26–54): Jeffrey P. Brosco
Chapter three Developmental standpoint at the Emergence of ethical Personhood (pages 55–73): James C. Harris
Chapter four The features of individuals with Cognitive Disabilities (pages 74–95): Martha Nussbaum
Chapter five Equality, Freedom, and/or Justice for All: A reaction to Martha Nussbaum (pages 97–109): Michael BeRube
Chapter 6 Respecting Human Dignity: agreement as opposed to functions (pages 111–125): Cynthia A. Stark
Chapter 7 tasks of Justice to voters with Cognitive Disabilities (pages 127–146): Sophia Isako Wong
Chapter eight Cognitive incapacity in a Society of Equals (pages 147–159): Jonathan Wolff
Chapter nine maintaining each other (Well, Wrongly, Clumsily) in a Time of Dementia (pages 161–169): Hilde Lindemann
Chapter 10 service provider and ethical courting in Dementia (pages 171–182): Bruce Jennings
Chapter eleven Cognitive incapacity, Paternalism, and the worldwide Burden of illness (pages 183–199): Daniel Wikler
Chapter 12 accountability, employer, and Cognitive incapacity (pages 201–223): David Shoemaker
Chapter thirteen Alzheimer's ailment and Socially prolonged Mentation (pages 225–236): James Lindemann Nelson
Chapter 14 considering the nice: Reconfiguring Liberal Metaphysics (or no longer) for individuals with Cognitive Disabilities (pages 237–259): Leslie P. Francis and Anita Silvers
Chapter 15 How now we have Been studying to discuss Autism: a job for tales (pages 260–278): Ian Hacking
Chapter sixteen the idea and speak of people with Autism: Reflections on Ian Hacking (pages 279–292): Victoria McGeer
Chapter 17 The Entanglement of Race and Cognitive Dis/ability (pages 293–313): Anna Stubblefield
Chapter 18 Philosophers of highbrow incapacity: A Taxonomy (pages 315–329): Licia Carlson
Chapter 19 Speciesism and ethical prestige (pages 330–344): Peter Singer
Chapter 20 Cognitive incapacity and Cognitive Enhancement (pages 345–367): Jeff McMahan
Chapter 21 worrying and whole ethical status Redux (pages 369–392): Agnieszka Jaworska
Chapter 22 the private Is Philosophical Is Political: A thinker and mom of a Cognitively Disabled individual Sends Notes from the Battlefield (pages 393–413): Eva Feder Kittay
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Additional info for Cognitive Disability and Its Challenge to Moral Philosophy
Hypatia 4, no. 2:104–24. ———. 1996. The Rejected Body: Feminist Philosophical Reﬂections on Disability. New York: Routledge. Wikler, Daniel. 1979. ’’ Philosophy and Public Affairs 8, no. 4:377–92. Williams, Bernard. 2008. ’’ In Philosophy as a Humanistic Discipline, 135–54. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Wong, Sophia. 2002. ’’ Hypatia 17, no. 3 (Summer):89–117. 2 THE LIMITS OF THE MEDICAL MODEL: HISTORICAL EPIDEMIOLOGY OF INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY IN THE UNITED STATES JEFFREY P. BROSCO Introduction Few people have devoted more attention to improving public policy for persons with disabilities than Eunice and Sargent Shriver.
27 percent represents the number of persons that would be predicted to score two standard deviations below the mean on a standardized IQ test. This deﬁnition of ID—an IQ less than 70—is the one used by authors of most studies of the seven speciﬁc medical conditions. S. schoolage population. 36 JEFFREY P. BROSCO 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 1912 1920 1942 1952 1956 1961 1966 1973 1993 FIGURE 5. Cross-sectional estimates of the prevalence of ID in the United States (per 1,000 persons) longitudinal studies of ID prevalence until recently, and even these studies differ on the exactly how many people meet criteria for ID (Institute on Community Integration, University of Minnesota 2000; Larson et al.
There are more factors to be investigated, however, before reaching conclusions about the general impact of medical interventions. Medical interventions over the past ﬁfty years may also have contributed to a rise in the prevalence of ID. The increased life span of persons with ID, for example, increases the prevalence of ID: children with Down syndrome now live well into adulthood (Yang, Rasmussen, and Friedman 2002). Furthermore, the clinical successes of neonatalogists and cardiothoracic surgeons, among other clinicians, mean that many children who would have died in infancy one or two generations ago, now survive to school age and are frequently diagnosed with ID and other neurodevelopmental disabilities (Aylward 2002; Wernovsky, Shillingford, and Gaynor 2005).