By Jean-Paul Caverni, Jean-Marc Fabre and Michel Gonzalez (Eds.)
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RECAPITULATION AND CONCLUSION To summarize, in this chapter I have attempted to address past, present and possible future concerns of research on accuracy in social perception and cognition. I have suggested that several major questions typically posed in the accuracy domain have not been satisfactorily resolved thus far, nor do they seem capable of resolution in the foreseeable future. To reiterate, it has not been possible to meaningfully answer the question of whether people are generally accurate or inaccurate, or to reliably estimate the proportion of times a t which they may be.
The grade equal to the mean was in 2nd (condition MP2), 3rd (condition MP3) or 4th (MP4) position in the set. - The standard deviation in the set was either fi (condition SD1) or f i ( c o n d i t i o n SDh). - The set was either globally increasing (last grade higher than the first one, condition Gi) or globally decreasing (last grade lower than the first one, condition Gd). - The highest and lowest grades in the set were either in central positions (2nd and 4th in the set, condition Ec) or in outer positions (1st and 5th in the set, condition Eo).
H. Experiments in the laboratory and the real 252-270. world. w n i z a t i o n a l Behavior and Human Perfomancc. a, m. -P. -M. Fabre and M . Gonzalez ( E d s . ) 8 E l s e v i e r Science P u b l i s h e r s B . V . (North-Holland), 1990 GROUPING AND CATEGORIZATION IN JUDGMENTS OF CONTINGENCY Klaus Fiedler and Roman Graf U n i v e r s i t y of G i e s s e n , West Germany Abstract. The cognitive process and performance of contingency detection is examined. The same statistical contingency may be easier to detect or experienced to be stronger when the stimulus events can be grouped and categorized in a consistent and intelligible fashion.