Cognition, Aging and Self-Reports by N. Schwarz

By N. Schwarz

This article offers an outline of age-related alterations in cognitive functioning and explores the consequences of those alterations for the self-report of attitudes and behaviours. The participants are researchers in cognitive getting older and survey method, and chapters are written to be obtainable to non-specialists. the 1st a part of the ebook offers a overview of past due Nineties cognitive getting older study, masking subject matters corresponding to operating reminiscence, inhibition, autobiographical reminiscence, metacognition and a focus. A moment part examines concerns linked to getting old, language comprehension and interpersonal verbal exchange, whereas the ultimate stories study into age-related alterations in survey responding. Of specific curiosity is how age-related alterations in cognitive and communiticative functioning impression the question-answering technique in learn occasions. Experimental study illustrates that older and more youthful respondents are differentially laid low with query order, query wording and different positive factors of questionnaire layout. therefore, many age-related modifications in suggested attitudes and behaviours might mirror age-related transformations within the reaction strategy instead of adjustments in respondents' genuine attitudes or behaviours. Implications for examine layout and mental theorizing are addressed, and useful ideas are provided. As such, the ebook may be of curiosity not just to these within the fields of cognitive growing older and gerontology, but in addition to survey methodologists and researchers in public opinion, advertising and marketing, and similar fields, who depend upon respondents' solutions to questions of their study.

Show description

Read Online or Download Cognition, Aging and Self-Reports PDF

Best cognitive books

The Body in Mind: Understanding Cognitive Processes

During this publication, Mark Rowlands demanding situations the Cartesian view of the brain as a self-contained monadic entity, and provides as a substitute an intensive externalist or environmentalist version of cognitive tactics. Drawing on either evolutionary thought and an in depth exam of the strategies occupied with notion, reminiscence, proposal and language use, Rowlands argues that cognition is, partially, a method wherein creatures manage and take advantage of correct items of their atmosphere.

Towards Integration of Work and Learning: Strategies for Connectivity and Transformation

This publication examines studying happening at the interface among schooling and dealing lifestyles at 3 degrees: the person studying strategies; the organisational studying tactics in academic associations and paintings enterprises; and the schooling approach. Theoretical techniques uniting those varied fields of studying are connectivity and transformation.

Group Creativity: Music, Theater, Collaboration

Team Creativity explores the original kind of creativity that emerges from participating teams. Dr. Sawyer attracts on his reports of jazz ensembles and improvisational theater teams to strengthen a version of artistic workforce approaches. He applies this version of crew creativity to a variety of participating teams, together with staff studying in study rooms and cutting edge groups in enterprises.

computers and thought

Desktops and inspiration showcases the paintings of the scientists who not just outlined the sector of synthetic Intelligence, yet who're chargeable for having built it into what it truly is this day. initially released in 1963, this assortment comprises twenty vintage papers through such pioneers as A. M. Turing and Marvin Minsky who have been at the back of the pivotal advances in artificially simulating human suggestion procedures with desktops.

Extra resources for Cognition, Aging and Self-Reports

Example text

Self-Reports and Cognitive Aging In Chapter 2, Norbert Schwarz provides an introduction to the cognitive and communicative processes involved in answering a question. Drawing on research into context effects on self-reports, he addresses how respondents arrive at an interpretation of the question posed to them, retrieve relevant information from memory, form a judgment, and report this judgment to the researcher. Importantly, respondents' performance at each of these steps is highly context dependent, and the underlying processes are likely to be age sensitive, as many research examples illustrate.

Thinking about answers: The application of cognitive processes to survey methodology. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. S. Bureau of the Census. (1989). Current population reports (Series P-25, No. 1018). Washington, DC: Census Bureau. Page 15 PART I SELF-REPORTS AND COGNITIVE AGING Page 17 Chapter 2 Self-Reports of Behaviors and Opinions: Cognitive and Communicative Processes Norbert Schwarz Social scientists have long been aware that minor changes in question wording, question format, or question order may profoundly affect the answers that research participants provide.

Yet, the accumulating evidence pertaining to age-related changes in cognitive resources (Park, Chapter 3), memory (Craik, Chapter 5; Rubin, Chapter 8; Yoon, May, & Hasher, Chapter 6), metacognition (Cavanaugh, Chapter 7), and text comprehension (Kemper & Kemtes, Chapter 11) suggests that the cognitive components of the question-answering process are likely to be age sensitive. Similarly, research into age-related changes in speech processing (Wingfield, Chapter 10) and communication (Kwong See & Ryan, Chapter 12) indicates that at least some of the communicative components of the question-answering process are also likely to change over the life-span.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.06 of 5 – based on 41 votes