Choice and Democratic Order: The French Socialist Party, by B. D. Graham

By B. D. Graham

Selection and Democratic Order describes the heritage of the French Socialist social gathering (the SFIO) in the course of the breakdown of peace within the past due Nineteen Thirties, the interval of the Vichy regime, and the postwar reconstruction. the point of interest of the examine is at the party's management workforce and, particularly, the way it used to be laid low with numerous stages of inner clash, the main severe of which happened in 1938 and in 1946. Professor Graham emphasizes the continuities among the pre- and postwar classes, and his technique permits the reader to watch significant figures resembling Leon Blum and man Mollet operating in the complicated buildings in their get together.

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48-55; Baker, The politics of Socialist protest in France', pp. 13-16; Lefranc, Le Mouvement socialiste sous la Troisieme Republique, pp. 353-5. See also Zyromski, Sur le chemin de Vunite (Editions 'Nouveau Prome'the'e', Paris, 1936), which consists of several articles and one speech from the 1934-5 period putting the case for the fusion of the Socialist and Communist Parties. These pieces show clearly the nature of his ideas about revolution, social classes, party organization and the state. Choice and democratic order 27 served the ruling class, could now be seized by the party and used to effect the transition from capitalism to socialism, the romantics believed that the socialist state would be fashioned during the process of revolution, as the people explored new ways of organizing their work and their lives.

55-64; Georges Lefranc, 'Le socialisme francais dans l'entre-deux guerres', Information Historique, 40 (1978), pp. 131-4 (for a review of Joubert, op. ). For membership details, see Parti Socialiste (SFIO), 35e Congres National, Royan, 47 juin 1938, Rapports, p. 34. For Guerin's own account of his political activities in this period, see his Front populaire: revolution manquee, pp. 13-189. See Raymond Abellio [Georges Soules], Ma derniere memoire, II, Les Militants 19271939 (Gallimard, Paris, 1975), pp.

He evidently expected that the revolution, when it came, would take the form of a general insurrection within which the workers could create their own political structure and militia with the aim of seizing power and 29 30 See Andre Philip, Les Socialistes (Seuil, Paris, 1967), pp. 20-7. O. (1905-1914)', Le Mouvement Social, no. 65 (October-December 1968), pp. 21-37. 28 B. D. Graham establishing a class dictatorship of the proletariat. He valued the Popular Front more as a mass movement than as an electoral and parliamentary alliance and, after the fall of the Blum government in June 1937, he argued that the time had arrived for a further advance towards a more radical and combative form of that movement.

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