The Cambridge Historical Dictionary of Disease by Kenneth F. Kiple

By Kenneth F. Kiple

The Cambridge international heritage of Human affliction (CWHHD) used to be first released by means of Cambridge in 1993. the foundation of this Dictionary is a component VIII, the final part of the paintings, that includes a heritage and outline of the world's significant illnesses of the day gone by and this present day in chapters prepared alphabetically from "Acquired Immune poor Syndrome (AIDS)" to "Yellow Fever." The final element of CWHHD has been totally revised and the essays were condensed into shorter entries, with updated details on AIDS, Alzheimer's disorder, Ebola, and Tuberculosis. The Dictionary additionally comprises 3 chapters from different elements of the CWHHD on "Heart-Related Diseases," "Cancer," and Genetic Disease." together with contributions from over a hundred scientific and social scientists around the globe, the Dictionary is a very interdisciplinary heritage of medication and human affliction. Kenneth Kiple is a exceptional professor of historical past at Bowling eco-friendly country college. His learn and instructing pursuits contain Latin the USA and the background of drugs, ailment, and meals. His paintings has been supported by way of supplies and fellowships from the Guggenheim starting place, the nationwide Endowment for the arts, the Fulbright origin, the yank Council of realized Societies, the yank Philosophical Society, and the nationwide Institutes of well-being. he's the editor of The Cambridge background of worldwide disorder (Cambridge, 1993) and with Kriemhild Coneé Ornelas, the award-winning Cambridge global historical past of nutrients (Cambridge, 2000).

Show description

Shock Therapy: A History of Electroconvulsive Treatment in by Professor Edward Shorter, Professor David Healy

By Professor Edward Shorter, Professor David Healy

Shock remedy is coming round again this present day within the remedy of great psychological affliction. regardless of its reemergence as a secure and powerful psychiatric software, in spite of the fact that, it is still shrouded via a longstanding unfavorable public photo, no longer least because of motion pictures similar to the vintage One Flew over the Cuckoo's Nest, the place the inmate of a psychiatric medical institution (played by way of Jack Nicholson) is subjected to electro-shock to shrink his rebellious habit. past its vilification in pop culture, the stereotype of convulsive remedy as a deadly and inhumane perform is fuelled by way of specialist posturing and public incorrect information. Electroconvulsive treatment, or ECT, has within the final thirty years been thought of a mode of final hotel within the therapy of debilitating melancholy, suicidal ideation, and different kinds of psychological ailment. but, sarcastically, its effectiveness in treating those sufferers may recommend it as a frontline remedy, bringing aid from acute indicators and saving lives.

In this e-book, Edward Shorter and David Healy hint the arguable heritage of ECT and different "shock" treatments. Drawing on case reviews, public debates, wide interviews, and archival learn, the authors divulge the myths approximately ECT that experience proliferated through the years. through exhibiting ECT's frequently life-saving effects, Shorter and Healy suggest some degree of view that's hotly contested in specialist circles and in public debates, yet for the approximately half all clinically depressed sufferers who don't reply to medicinal drugs, this ebook brings a lot wanted hope.

Show description

Engineering Genetic Circuits (Chapman & Hall CRC by Chris J. Myers

By Chris J. Myers

An advent to platforms BioengineeringTakes a transparent and Systematic Engineering method of structures Biology concentrating on genetic regulatory networks, Engineering Genetic Circuits offers the modeling, research, and layout equipment for structures biology. It discusses tips on how to learn experimental info to benefit approximately mathematical types, increase effective abstraction and simulation how you can research those types, and use analytical the right way to advisor the layout of latest circuits. After reviewing the elemental molecular biology and biochemistry rules had to comprehend genetic circuits, the booklet describes smooth experimental suggestions and techniques for locating genetic circuit types from the information generated by way of experiments. the following 4 chapters current state of the art tools for interpreting those genetic circuit types. the ultimate bankruptcy explores how researchers are commencing to use analytical easy methods to layout artificial genetic circuits. this article basically exhibits how the luck of structures biology is dependent upon collaborations among engineers and biologists. From biomolecular observations to mathematical types to circuit layout, it presents crucial info on genetic circuits and engineering recommendations that may be used to check organic structures.

Show description

Florence Nightingale's Notes on Nursing and Notes on Nursing by Dr. Victor Skretkowicz PhD

By Dr. Victor Skretkowicz PhD

''With the 2010 book of Dr. Victor Skretkowicz's Florence Nightingale's Notes on Nursing (Revised with Additions) in Florence Nightingale's (1920-1910) centenary yr, nurses and others will realize this outstanding lady whose commitment and backbone helped to form the process smooth worldwide healthcare and holistic and critical relationship-centered care.''

-Barbara Dossey, PhD, RN, AHN-BC, FAAN overseas Co-Director, Nightingale Initiative for international future health Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, and Arlington, Virginia

Simultaneously witty, scathing, and anecdotal, Florence Nightingale's ''Notes on Nursing'' might be the main influential paintings on nursing through the global. For years, the various versions of this seminal paintings have questioned students in addition to readers. Now, Dr. Skretkowicz units the old list directly. This quantity comprises the annotated and unabridged July 1860 version [the ''Library average Edition''] of Notes on Nursing, the 1868 version of Notes on Nursing [for the Labouring Classes], and extra manuscripts written via Nightingale in 1875 that she was once by no means in a position to submit.

Beautifully sure in pretend leather-based with an ornamental ribbon, this commemorative quantity makes an ideal reward for any nurse and is a must have for all nursing libraries and researchers. the recent version offers Nightingale's unabridged variation in its unique shape for the first actual time considering its ebook in July 1860. including the 1868 version and the 1875 manuscripts, the ebook offers modern knowledgeable readership with the closest attainable ''authoritative, whole, and unexpurgated'' model of ''one of the simplest promoting, globally circulated texts of the 19th century.''

Key Features:

  • Complete with Dr. Skretkowicz's personal specialist statement and annotations
  • Describes the version models of the texts within the contexts in their social and cultural heritage
  • Presents a few of Nightingale's unique passages that remained unpublished for greater than a hundred years
  • Provides reactions and statement from Nightingale's contemporaries

Show description

Making a Place for Ourselves: The Black Hospital Movement, by Vanessa Northington Gamble

By Vanessa Northington Gamble

Creating a position for Ourselves examines an enormous yet no longer commonly chronicled occasion on the intersection of African-American historical past and American clinical history--the black health center circulate. a pragmatic reaction to the racial realities of yankee lifestyles, the stream used to be a "self-help" endeavor--immediate development of separate scientific associations insured the development and healthiness of African americans till the gradual means of integration might happen. spotting that their careers relied on entry to hospitals, black physicians linked to the 2 prime black scientific societies, the nationwide clinical organization (NMA) and the nationwide clinic organization (NHA), initiated the move within the Twenties so as to improve the scientific and education schemes at black hospitals. Vanessa Northington Gamble examines the actions of those physicians and people of black group enterprises, neighborhood and federal governments, and significant wellbeing and fitness care companies. She makes a speciality of 3 case stories (Cleveland, Chicago, and Tuskegee) to illustrate how the black clinic circulate mirrored the objectives, wishes, and divisions in the African-American community--and the country of yankee race family members. interpreting ideological tensions in the black neighborhood over the life of black hospitals, Gamble indicates that black hospitals have been crucial for the pro lives of black physicians ahead of the emergence of the civil rights flow. extra greatly, creating a position for Ourselves truly and powerfully records how problems with race and racism have affected the advance of the yank health center method.

Show description

Clinical Problem Solving in Prosthodontics by David W. Bartlett BDS PhD

By David W. Bartlett BDS PhD

This functional source addresses quite a number scientific difficulties in prosthetic dentistry and offers a step by step consultant to differential prognosis and remedy making plans. Emphasizing clinical-problem fixing, it is helping readers mix diversified dental strategies right into a rational plan of remedy for sufferers who could have a few diversified dental difficulties that require attention.Focuses on medical problem-solving in prosthodontics.Offers functional support with remedy making plans, guiding the reader throughout the means of decision-making.Covers one of the most very important components of scientific perform for the typical dentist - together with crowns, bridges, veneers, and implant-supported restorations.Provides colourful illustrations all through to enhance content material.

Show description

Doctor Mom Chung of the Fair-Haired Bastards: The Life of a by Judy Tzu-Chun Wu

By Judy Tzu-Chun Wu

During international warfare II, mother Chung's was once the place to be in San Francisco. squaddies, motion picture stars, and politicians accumulated at her domestic to socialise, to teach their commitment to the Allied reason, and to precise their affection for Dr. Margaret Chung (1889-1959). the 1st identified American-born chinese language girl health practitioner, Chung tested one of many first Western scientific clinics in San Francisco's Chinatown within the Nineteen Twenties. She additionally grew to become a favourite megastar and behind-the-scenes political dealer in the course of global struggle II. Chung received nationwide status while she started "adopting" hundreds of thousands of squaddies, sailors, and flyboys, together with Ronald Reagan, Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, and Admiral William F. Halsey, Jr. A pioneer in either specialist and political nation-states, Chung experimented in her own existence in addition. She followed masculine gown and had romantic relationships with different ladies, comparable to author Elsa Gidlow and entertainer Sophie Tucker.

This is the 1st biography to discover Margaret Chung's amazing and intricate existence. It brings alive the bohemian and queer social milieus of Hollywood and San Francisco in addition to the wartime megastar neighborhood Chung cultivated. Her lifestyles gives an extraordinary glimpse into the probabilities of traversing racial, gender, and sexual limitations of yankee society from the past due Victorian period during the early chilly battle period.

Show description

Knowledge and practice in early modern English medicine, by Andrew Wear

By Andrew Wear

It is a significant synthesis of the information and perform of early glossy English drugs, as expressed in vernacular texts set of their social and cultural contexts. The publication vividly maps out a few relevant components: treatments (and how they have been made credible), notions of illness, suggestion on preventive medication and on fit dwelling, and the way and why surgeons labored at the physique. particularly, of the main high-profile illnesses of the age--the pox and the plague--are mentioned intimately, and their remedy analyzed.

Show description

Medical devices and technology : surgical and image-guided by Martin Culjat

By Martin Culjat

Addressing the exploding curiosity in bioengineering for healthcare functions, this booklet offers readers with unique but easy-to-understand information on biomedical equipment engineering. Written through in demand physicians and engineers, ''Medical units: Surgical and Image-Guided Technologies'' is geared up into stand-alone chapters masking units and platforms in diagnostic, surgical, and implant techniques.

Assuming in basic terms uncomplicated history in math and technology, the authors truly clarify the basics for various platforms in addition to such subject matters as engineering issues, healing recommendations and purposes, destiny developments, and extra. After describing find out how to deal with a layout venture for scientific units, the booklet examines the subsequent: tools for laparoscopic and ophthalmic surgical procedure, plus surgical robotics Catheters in vascular remedy and energy-based hemostatic surgical units Tissue ablation platforms and the numerous makes use of of lasers in drugs Vascular and cardiovascular units, plus circulatory help units Ultrasound transducers, X-ray imaging, and neuronavigation

An absolute needs to for biomedical engineers, ''Medical units: Surgical and Image-Guided Technologies'' is additionally a useful advisor for college students in all engineering majors and pre-med courses drawn to exploring this interesting box

Show description

Biomimetics: Nature-Based Innovation by Yoseph Bar-Cohen

By Yoseph Bar-Cohen

Mimicking nature – from technology fiction to engineering reality

Humans have consistently regarded to nature’s innovations as a resource of notion. The commentary of flying birds and bugs ends up in strategies in aeronautics. Collision avoidance sensors mimic the whiskers of rodents. Optimization algorithms are according to survival of the fittest, the seed-picking strategy of pigeons, or the habit of ant colonies. in recent times those efforts became extra extensive, with researchers looking ideas, ideas, and rules of biology to motivate new probabilities in fabrics, mechanisms, algorithms, and fabrication tactics. A evaluation of the present nation of the art, Biomimetics: Nature established Innovation files key organic strategies that supply a version for options in engineering and technology.

Leading specialists deal with quite a lot of themes, together with:

  • Artificial senses and organs
  • Mimicry on the cell–materials interface
  • Multiscale modeling of plant mobilephone wall structure and tissue mechanics
  • The making of biomimetic composites
  • Electroactive polymer (EAP) actuators as synthetic muscles
  • EAP-based refreshable braille displays
  • Biomimetic optics from the angles of biology and plants
  • Biomimicry of flying birds, bugs, and marine biology
  • Applications of biomimetics in production, items, and medicine
  • Robotics, together with the advance of human-like robots
  • Biologically encouraged layout as a device for interdisciplinary education
  • The biomimetic procedure in creative creation

The ultimate bankruptcy outlines the demanding situations to biomimetic-related innovation and provides a imaginative and prescient for the future.

A follow-up to Biomimetics: Biologically encouraged Technologies (2005), this complete reference methodically surveys the newest advances during this quickly rising box. It gains an abundance of illustrations, together with a 32-page full-color insert, and offers large references for engineers and scientists attracted to delving deeper into the examine of biomimetics.

Show description