By William H. Schneider
This e-book examines intimately how eugenics in early twentieth-century France supplied a wide disguise for quite a few reform pursuits that tried to lead to the organic regeneration of the French inhabitants. like any different societies in this interval, France confirmed a transforming into curiosity in natalist, neo-Lamarckian, social hygiene, racist, and different biologically-based activities as a reaction to the conception that French society was once in a kingdom of decline and degeneration. William Schneider's examine presents a desirable account of makes an attempt to use new discoveries in biology and medication towards the advance within the inherited organic caliber of the inhabitants via such measures as contraception, premarital examinations, sterilization, and immigration restrict. it's the first try to set forth the key elements of French eugenics either for comparability with different international locations and to teach the interplay of a few of the activities that comprised it.
By Lilian R. Furst
An anthology of nineteenth-century literature approximately drugs and scientific issues.
Medical growth and Social Reality is an anthology of nineteenth-century literature on drugs and clinical perform. positioned on the interdisciplinary juncture of medication, background, and literature, it contains in most cases fictional but additionally a few nonfictional works via British, French, American, and Russian writers that describe the day by day social realities of drugs in the course of a interval of momentous switch. matters addressed in those works contain the hierarchy within the career, using new tools reminiscent of the stethoscope, the appearance of ladies medical professionals, the functionality of the medical institution, and the moving stability of strength among physicians and sufferers. the quantity offers an introductory assessment of crucial facets of clinical growth within the 19th century, and it comprises an annotated bibliography of additional readings in scientific heritage and literature. decisions from Anthony Trollope, George Eliot, Gustave Flaubert, Sarah Orne Jewett, Sinclair Lewis, Mikhail Bulgakov, and others are incorporated, in addition to the yank clinical Association's 1847 Code of Ethics.
"The first such source of its sort for the research of drugs in literature. Furst's introductions and choices convey that nineteenth-century literature may also help scholars comprehend present clinical perform since it portrays the beginnings of technological and clinical drugs, with difficulties, values, events, and relationships which are nonetheless with us today." -- Peter W. Graham, coauthor of Articulating the Elephant guy: Joseph Merrick and His Interpreters
"Lilian Furst has produced a welcome and valuable addition to the transforming into box of scientific humanities. Premedical and scientific scholars in addition to medical professionals with an curiosity in clinical literature and heritage will locate this a pleasant and informative read." -- Larry Zaroff, M.D., Stanford collage university of drugs
By Julie K. Silver
Incorporating many infrequent pictures from the relatives albums of survivors who inform their tales, Harvard professor Julie Silver, M.D., and historian Daniel Wilson support readers comprehend the sheer terror that gripped mom and dad of children each spring and summer season throughout the first half the 20 th century as polio epidemics ran rampant. Interviewed as a part of the Polio Oral heritage undertaking directed by means of Silver and funded through Harvard, foundations, and personal donors, the folks featured during this e-book describe what's arguably the main feared scourge of contemporary occasions. stories are incorporated from those who labored in polio wards, in addition to from these serious about all over the world eradication efforts. The booklet additionally addresses the emergence of the polio and incapacity rights circulate, the demanding situations of post-polio syndrome, and the nation of polio examine and advancements at the present time. And it explores the fear that polio may well go back in a fair extra vicious shape because of bioterrorism.
By Michael Flannery
Civil battle Pharmacy: A background of gear, Drug offer and Provision, and Therapeutics for the Union and Confederacy КНИГИ ;ВОЕННАЯ ИСТОРИЯ Издательство: Pharmaceutical items PressСерия: Pharmaceutical HeritageАвтор(ы): Michael A. FlanneryЯзык: EnglishГод издания: 2004Количество страниц: 364ISBN: 0789015013Формат: pdf (e-book)Размер: 23,8 mbExamine a formerly unexplored element of Civil conflict army medicine!Here is the 1st entire exam of pharmaceutical perform and drug provision throughout the Civil warfare. whereas quite a few books have acknowledged the background of drugs within the Civil battle, little has been acknowledged concerning the medicinal drugs that have been used, the folk who supplied and ready them, and the way they have been provided. this can be the 1st booklet to supply unique dialogue of the function of pharmacy. one of the issues coated during this crucial quantity are the tasks of clinical purveyors, the function of the sanatorium steward, and the character and kingdom of scientific components common within the 1860s. This final topic might develop into an issue of substantial controversy and eventually rate William Hammond, the bright and leading edge general practitioner normal, his profession within the Union military. RAPIDили IFOLDER zero
By Theodore W. Berger, Dennis L. Glanzman
The continued improvement of implantable neural prostheses indications a brand new period in bioengineering and neuroscience examine. This number of essays outlines present advances in examine at the intracranial implantation of units which could speak with the mind with a purpose to fix sensory, motor, or cognitive features. The individuals discover the production of biologically sensible mathematical types of mind functionality, the construction of microchips that contain these versions, and the combination of microchip and mind functionality via neuron-silicon interfaces. fresh advancements in realizing the computational and cognitive homes of the mind and swift advances in biomedical and laptop engineering either give a contribution to this state-of-the-art research.The e-book first examines the improvement of sensory process prostheses -- cochlear, retinal, and visible implants -- because the top beginning for contemplating the extension of neural prostheses to the imperative mind quarter. The ebook then turns to the complexity of neural representations, providing, between different methods to the subject, one of many few latest theoretical frameworks for modeling the hierarchical association of neural structures. subsequent, it examines the demanding situations of designing and controlling the interface among neurons and silicon, contemplating the need for bidirectional verbal exchange and for multiyear length of the implant. eventually, the booklet appears at implementations and explores attainable how one can in attaining the complexity of neural functionality in undefined, together with using VLSI and photonic applied sciences.
By Valerie Hope, Eireann Marshall
This cutting edge quantity attracts on fresh examine in archaeology, historic historical past and the heritage of drugs to debate how humans within the old global understood and handled disease and loss of life within the city setting.
By Leslie Pray, Laura Pillsbury, Maria Oria, Food and Nutrition Board, Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources, Institute of Medicine, Division on Earth and Life Studies, National Research Council
"The U.S. nutrition process offers many advantages, no longer the least of that is a secure, nutritious and constant meals offer. even if, a similar approach additionally creates major environmental, public future health, and different expenses that often should not well-known and never accounted for within the retail rate of nutrition. those contain greenhouse gasoline (GHG) emissions, soil erosion, pollution, and their environmental outcomes, the move of antibiotic resistance from nutrients animals to human, and different human overall healthiness results, together with foodborne health problems and protracted ailment. a few exterior expenditures that are sometimes called externalities are accounted for in ways in which don't contain expanding the cost of nutrients. yet many are usually not. they're borne involuntarily by way of society at huge. a greater realizing of exterior expenditures may support selection makers in any respect levels of the lifestyles cycle to extend some great benefits of the U.S. nutrition procedure even additional. The Institute of medication (IOM) and the nationwide examine Council (NRC) with aid from the U.S. facilities for ailment keep an eye on and Prevention (CDC) convened a public workshop on April 23-23, 2012, to discover the exterior charges of nutrition, methodologies for quantifying these charges, and the constraints of the methodologies. The workshop was once meant to be an information-gathering job basically. Given the complexity of the problems and the large parts of craftsmanship concerned, workshop shows and discussions signify just a small part of the present wisdom and are not at all finished. the focal point was once at the environmental and health and wellbeing affects of nutrients, utilizing externalities as a foundation for dialogue and animal items as a case research. The purpose was once to not quantify expenses or merits, yet fairly to put the basis for doing so. a massive objective of the workshop used to be to spot details resources and methodologies required to acknowledge and estimate the prices and merits of environmental and public overall healthiness outcomes linked to the U.S. nutrition procedure. It was once expected that the workshop would supply the root for a follow-up consensus examine of the topic and crucial job of the consensus learn can be to improve a framework for a full-scale accounting of the environmental and public overall healthiness results for all nutrition items of the U.S. nutrition approach. Exploring well-being and Environmental charges of nutrients: Workshop precis presents the root for a follow-up making plans dialogue related to individuals of the IOM nutrition and food Board and the NRC Board on Agriculture and usual assets and others to increase the scope and components of workmanship wanted for a larger-scale, consensus learn of the subject"--Publisher's description. Read more... advent -- The economics of meals costs -- knowing measures and techniques -- studying social and ecological bills and advantages -- Attaching worth to charges and advantages -- Exploring bills and merits -- Reflecting at the direction ahead
By Tim McHugh
The 17th century witnessed profound reforms within the manner French towns administered terrible reduction and charitable wellbeing and fitness care. New hospitals have been outfitted to restrict the capable bodied and current hospitals sheltering the in poor health negative gotten smaller new scientific employees and shifted their concentration in the direction of providing extra clinical providers. while those strikes have frequently been considered as a coherent country led coverage, contemporary scholarship has began to query this assumption, and pick-up on extra localised matters, and resistance to centrally imposed guidelines. This booklet engages with those matters, to enquire the hyperlinks among charitable future health care, bad reduction, faith, nationwide politics and concrete social order in seventeenth-century France. In so doing, it revises our realizing of the jobs performed in those matters by means of the crown and social elites, arguing that relevant government's social coverage was once conservative and principally reactive to strain from neighborhood elites. It means that Louis XIV's coverage concerning the reform of terrible aid and the construction of basic Hospitals in every one city and town, as enshrined within the edict of 1662, was once principally pushed by way of the non secular issues of the kingdom's religious and the monetary fears of the Parisian elites that their urban hospitals have been overburdened. in basic terms after the sunlight King's reign did important govt start to take a proactive position in administering negative aid and wellbeing and fitness care, using city charitable associations to extra its personal political pursuits. via reintegrating the social aspirations of city elites into the heritage of French terrible reduction, this publication indicates how the major position they performed within the reform of hospitals, encouraged by means of a mixture of spiritual, financial and social motivations. It concludes that the kingdom can be a reluctant player in reform, until eventually confused into motion through supporting elite teams pursuing their very own objectives.
By Barth Stephanie
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By Laura Salisbury, Andrew Shail
An exploration of the behavior of the fashionable period beside cultural notions gaining knowledge of mind functionality and the fearful approach to be imperative to wellbeing and fitness and affliction. It appears to be like at debates inside of neurology and tradition via neurological works, renowned recommendation, and the looks of neurological issues in the aesthetic artefacts of modernity.