British Infantryman vs German Infantryman: Somme 1916 by Stephen Bull

By Stephen Bull

This attractive research pits the volunteers of Kitchener's 'New Armies' opposed to the German veterans who defended the Somme zone within the bloody battles of July-November 1916. The strong fight for the Somme region of the Western entrance within the moment 1/2 1916 has become remembered for the dreadful toll of casualties inflicted on Britain's 'New Armies' by way of the German defenders at the first day of the offensive, 1 July. The conflict persevered, besides the fact that, during the autumn and purely got here to a detailed within the sour chilly of mid-November. The British plan depended on the facility of artillery to suppress and damage the German defences; the infantry have been tasked with taking and keeping the German trenches, yet minimum resistance was once expected. within the occasion the defences have been broken yet no longer destroyed, and small numbers of defenders, a lot of whom had garrisoned the Somme quarter for plenty of months and knew the floor good, inflicted appalling casualties at the British attackers. either side incurred significant losses, notwithstanding; German doctrine emphasized that the 1st line needed to be held or retaken in any respect expenses, a inflexible shielding coverage that resulted in very excessive casualties because the Germans threw survivors into advert hoc, piecemeal counterattacks all alongside the line.

Featuring specifically commissioned full-color paintings and in response to meticulous reassessment of the resources.

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RIR 133 bay. 22. RIR RIR 107 SCHANZE I I I I 3. RIR 133 I RIR 107 1. I I 3. RJB 13 4. I I MÜHL RIR 104 bay. 22. RIR RJB 13 To Maurepas RIR 104 To Leuze Wood I To Combles RIR 107 RJB 13 RIR 104 I TRUCKENBRODT I I RIR 107 KERTSCHER PFEIFER STROBACH Cemetery I SCHLECHTINGER RIR 104 8 SIECKE I RIR 107 RJB 13 BEHR To Ginchy INTO COMBAT Finally came word to 18th Manchester to move out. According to Maj Williams’ report, Men of the Machine Gun Corps with a Vickers machine gun. This hefty but efficient belt-fed weapon was slightly more modern than the German MG 08, and this example is equipped with a folding light bipod as well as the normal tripod.

I laid there until seven o’clock in the evening’ (quoted in Levine 2008: 110). The first two waves hit the German trenches depleted and intermixed – the second wave now accelerating out of the barrage to catch up. Pte C. com Five Germans came from nowhere, the first of whom hurled a bomb which grazed Captain Livesey’s face but didn’t explode. Captain Livesey shot at the group with his revolver. More Germans came up so Captain Livesey and I made for a shell hole just as a shell landed nearby. I must have been knocked out.

Watching, I began to believe in the possibility of a great success, but I reckoned without the Hun artillery’ (IWM: Doc 77/179/1). Lais continues: ‘We call for a barrage! Red flares climb high then fade away as they fall to the ground. Destructive fire and barrage fire leave masses of green and red marks in the sky! Dear God! ’ (Lais 1935). Rees goes on: An original tattered annotated print from the East Lancashire Regiment collection showing Serre, right, from the air prior to the attack of 1 July.

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