Britain and the Origins of the New Europe 1914-1918 (LSE by Kenneth J. Calder

By Kenneth J. Calder

In 1914 the British govt used to be now not drawn to nationwide self-determination in jap Europe, yet by means of November 1918 it used to be deeply concerned with quite a few jap ecu topic nationalities and used to be devoted by means of implication to their independence. This ebook makes an attempt to give an explanation for this evolution in British coverage on the subject of the Poles, Czechoslovaks and Yugoslavs, the 3 most vital topic nationalities in jap Europe. The e-book relies totally on the reliable documents of the British govt, that have been supplemented with fabric from inner most collections. Dr Calder argues that British coverage on nationwide self-determination built now not because of theoretical speculations yet of the wartime family members among the govt. and the Polish, Czechoslovak and Yugoslav nationwide companies. This ebook strains the evolution in British kinfolk with the Polish, Czechoslovak and Yugoslav nationality agencies from August 1914 to November 1918. It indicates how the preliminary contacts have been proven and the way relatives built progressively because the executive sought to exploit those businesses in propaganda, espionage and the formation of army devices. It makes an attempt to evaluate the consequences of this co-operation at the attitudes of British officers and the coverage of the govt.

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It even made Anglo-Yugoslav relations difficult because the foreign office had to discourage the public 42 Britain and the Origins of the New Europe 1914-1918 activities of the Yugoslavs to avoid annoying the Italians. AustriaHungary was never as great an obstacle to Anglo-Yugoslav relations. The Italian attitude was a source of great annoyance to the foreign office which obviously preferred the Yugoslavs, if only because the Italians were a much greater nuisance. No sooner had Italy joined the Entente than it began to make negotiations in the Balkans impossible.

Wickham Steed vouches implicitly for the honour and good faith of Mr. 22 On 3 November 1914, the home office approved the police policy. 23 On the recommendation of the foreign office, however, exemption from police detention was given to one Yugoslav, a Croat from Dalmatia, Frano Supilo. 24 Measures for the protection of other Yugoslavs were not, however, initiated at this time. 26 The evidence, although meagre, suggests a pro-Czech, anti-Polish bias. The home office and the police acted almost entirely alone in making these decisions.

According to his own interpretation, this programme would be consistent with British policy: The abstract principle already laid down by Sir Edward Grey, Mr. Asquith and Mr. 40 This memorandum struck a responsive chord in Arthur Nicolson who noted on the file: 'Mr. Seton-Watson is one of the very few who comprehends the Southern Slav question, and his views should be treated with sound respect/ He added that on the basis of his own experience he agreed with Seton-Watson and concluded: 'When the terms of peace come to be discussed and the rearrangement of the Dual Monarchy's possessions has to be considered we should keep these remarks of Mr.

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