Breakthroughs in Statistics [Vol I - Foundns, Basic Theory] by S. Kotz, et al.,

By S. Kotz, et al.,

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Single parents spend less than the average household on most items. Some of the exceptions are rent, children’s clothes, and household personal services (mostly day care). 2 $85,829 married couples with children oldest child under 6 Number of consumer units (in 000s) Average number of persons per consumer unit Average before-tax income of consumer units total married couples OVERVIEW total married couples married couples, no children Major appliances Small appliances and miscellaneous housewares Miscellaneous household equipment $289 149 1,030 APPAREL AND RELATED SERVICES Men and boys Men, aged 16 or older Boys, aged 2 to 15 married couples with children total oldest child under 6 oldest child 6 to 17 oldest child 18 or older single parent, at least one child <18 single person $271 165 964 $309 141 1,109 $326 150 1,135 $298 112 1,031 $319 187 1,231 $132 43 443 $93 78 416 2,280 581 466 114 1,696 426 404 22 2,838 741 543 198 2,472 518 396 121 2,973 832 539 293 2,834 721 643 78 1,855 339 106 233 922 199 188 10 Women and girls Women, aged 16 or older Girls, aged 2 to 15 887 716 171 677 632 45 1,084 799 285 755 579 176 1,134 733 401 1,207 1,057 150 784 512 272 384 366 19 Children under age 2 131 47 195 608 121 67 149 16 Footwear 386 273 501 352 572 470 409 159 Other apparel products and services 295 273 317 239 314 369 174 164 TRANSPORTATION Vehicle purchases Cars and trucks, new Cars and trucks, used Other vehicles 11,450 3,723 1,849 1,687 187 10,202 3,272 1,755 1,376 141 12,436 4,056 1,860 1,973 223 10,500 3,655 2,004 1,517 135 12,046 3,954 1,842 1,816 296 14,294 4,470 1,804 2,516 149 5,912 1,883 643 1,207 32 4,439 1,217 553 605 59 Gasoline and motor oil 3,563 3,005 3,983 3,299 3,994 4,373 2,085 1,384 Other vehicle expenses Vehicle finance charges Maintenance and repairs Vehicle insurance Vehicle rentals, leases, licenses, other charges 3,474 431 936 1,476 631 3,185 332 891 1,391 572 3,738 506 965 1,559 707 3,075 493 721 1,199 663 3,459 517 935 1,261 746 4,647 496 1,163 2,320 667 1,661 238 507 556 360 1,523 121 443 700 259 Public transportation 690 740 659 471 640 804 283 314 HEALTH CARE Health insurance Medical services Drugs Medical supplies 3,984 2,185 1,007 641 151 4,725 2,641 1,091 831 162 3,407 1,824 972 467 144 2,593 1,512 688 304 88 3,366 1,766 1,034 417 149 3,964 2,109 1,034 652 169 1,530 798 441 215 76 1,821 1,070 387 296 67 ENTERTAINMENT Fees and admissions Audio and visual equipment and services Pets, toys, and playground equipment Other entertainment products and services 3,798 876 1,246 943 733 3,621 694 1,146 1,036 745 4,124 1,093 1,359 888 784 3,461 676 1,211 817 756 4,597 1,313 1,414 945 924 3,705 963 1,351 829 562 1,832 447 852 345 187 1,655 322 694 426 213 388 PERSONAL CARE PRODUCTS AND SERVICES 786 710 868 692 857 998 533 READING 147 166 134 100 134 155 57 88 1,403 835 1,956 441 1,758 3,200 657 602 327 300 318 230 301 402 245 214 EDUCATION TOBACCO PRODUCTS AND SMOKING SUPPLIES MISCELLANEOUS 1,004 951 1,034 809 1,024 1,186 629 558 CASH CONTRIBUTIONS 2,282 2,578 2,094 1,367 2,119 2,481 741 1,314 PERSONAL INSURANCE AND PENSIONS Life and other personal insurance Pensions and Social Security 7,827 496 7,331 6,802 534 6,267 8,786 465 8,322 7,888 288 7,600 9,162 491 8,671 8,673 523 8,150 2,891 139 2,753 2,620 108 2,511 2,556 2,565 –1,068 768 291 2,855 2,705 –874 699 325 2,538 2,627 –1,243 877 277 1,398 1,762 –1,199 654 182 2,972 2,986 –1,298 1,019 265 2,469 2,523 –1,174 766 354 -545 -109 –659 155 68 1,205 1,147 –364 287 135 1,623 1,937 1,437 794 1,273 2,106 704 838 PERSONAL TAXES Federal income taxes 2008 tax stimulus State and local income taxes Other taxes GIFTS FOR PEOPLE IN OTHER HOUSEHOLDS Note: Spending by category does not add to total spending because gift spending is also included in the preceding product and service categories and personal taxes are not included in the total.

Households with incomes below $30,000 spend more money than they make. The income they report to government interviewers is less than their reported expenditures. These households make up the difference through borrowing, the use of savings, and unreported income. Income makes a bigger difference in the purchasing of some products than others. Everyone has to buy food, but only those who can afford to do so will buy a new car. Households with incomes of $70,000 or more spend close to the average on items such as eggs, drugs, and tobacco.

They spend 49 percent more than the average household on rented dwellings and 57 percent more on clothes for infants. Blacks spend more than the average household on a number of foods, including pork, poultry, and fish and seafood. They spend 38 percent more than the average household on rent, 31 percent more on clothes for boys, and 52 percent more on shoes. 4 $68,842 50,486 55,430 36,721 43,052 53,773 6,443 3,744 507 170 337 846 239 163 106 159 128 51 430 168 261 657 222 212 116 107 1,305 129 104 680 342 49 7,089 3,943 562 256 306 1,010 200 193 72 187 304 54 326 172 153 852 306 369 94 83 1,193 126 104 598 316 49 4,594 2,825 382 148 234 848 208 174 85 190 144 47 263 116 147 447 128 130 98 91 886 80 82 449 261 14 6,596 4,039 509 191 318 1,039 307 190 100 214 152 76 429 194 235 789 284 246 138 120 1,274 121 125 608 384 36 6,706 3,842 526 170 356 818 234 157 111 146 122 48 455 172 283 670 227 219 116 107 1,373 138 105 726 349 56 2,698 3,147 1,768 2,556 2,864 444 300 205 297 502 17,109 10,183 6,760 3,826 1,758 1,176 2,724 698 20,138 13,703 8,471 5,479 2,168 824 4,680 552 13,770 7,985 3,940 2,463 896 581 3,762 282 15,582 9,688 5,334 3,525 1,217 592 4,065 289 17,868 10,611 7,425 4,090 1,977 1,358 2,360 826 3,649 531 1,353 192 1,127 446 3,275 536 1,119 55 1,118 447 3,598 533 1,439 58 1,168 400 3,457 424 1,305 51 1,231 446 3,685 547 1,346 234 1,104 453 998 383 614 654 148 350 156 931 417 514 494 131 240 123 610 279 331 461 153 226 81 797 402 395 542 184 252 107 1,090 398 692 700 142 383 175 1,624 126 388 45 1,735 107 393 14 1,116 116 339 21 1,098 93 266 15 1,782 133 414 53 HOUSEHOLD SPENDING 31 total consumer units Asian black Hispanic non-Hispanic white and other Major appliances Small appliances and miscellaneous housewares Miscellaneous household equipment $204 113 749 $225 129 866 $121 61 458 $164 91 468 $223 124 835 APPAREL AND RELATED SERVICES Men and boys Men, aged 16 or older Boys, aged 2 to 15 1,801 427 344 83 1,997 513 451 62 1,983 413 304 109 2,119 468 357 111 1,728 424 349 75 718 597 121 828 746 82 778 646 132 878 717 161 686 572 114 93 67 100 146 84 Footwear 314 313 478 395 278 Other apparel products and services 248 277 214 231 256 TRANSPORTATION Vehicle purchases Cars and trucks, new Cars and trucks, used Other vehicles 8,604 2,755 1,305 1,315 134 9,049 2,414 1,480 905 30 6,520 1,969 783 1,088 97 7,986 2,554 802 1,679 74 9,025 2,911 1,462 1,300 149 Gasoline and motor oil 2,715 2,539 2,257 2,717 2,787 Other vehicle expenses Vehicle finance charges Maintenance and repairs Vehicle insurance Vehicle rentals, leases, licenses, other charges 2,621 312 731 1,113 465 2,815 250 628 1,384 553 2,033 285 476 1,036 237 2,335 316 564 1,078 378 2,755 316 796 1,130 514 Women and girls Women, aged 16 or older Girls, aged 2 to 15 Children under age 2 Public transportation 513 1,280 261 380 573 HEALTH CARE Health insurance Medical services Drugs Medical supplies 2,976 1,653 727 482 114 2,233 1,425 412 298 97 1,595 1,015 292 252 36 1,571 816 407 274 75 3,406 1,881 843 550 132 ENTERTAINMENT Fees and admissions Audio and visual equipment and services Pets, toys, and playground equipment Other entertainment products and services 2,835 616 1,036 704 479 3,447 680 863 1,709 195 1,478 210 894 242 133 1,787 364 851 380 192 3,203 717 1,086 822 577 PERSONAL CARE PRODUCTS AND SERVICES 616 584 528 545 641 READING 116 90 47 38 139 1,046 1,676 508 669 1,186 317 166 223 143 357 EDUCATION TOBACCO PRODUCTS AND SMOKING SUPPLIES MISCELLANEOUS 840 736 565 586 921 CASH CONTRIBUTIONS 1,737 1,165 1,171 1,010 1,935 PERSONAL INSURANCE AND PENSIONS Life and other personal insurance Pensions and Social Security 5,605 317 5,288 6,760 332 6,428 3,532 254 3,278 4,124 116 4,007 6,156 357 5,799 PERSONAL TAXES Federal income taxes 2008 tax stimulus State and local income taxes Other taxes 1,789 1,817 –784 542 213 2,389 2,202 –691 689 188 240 539 –638 234 106 362 731 –715 247 99 2,252 2,185 –816 637 248 GIFTS FOR PEOPLE IN OTHER HOUSEHOLDS 1,209 1,100 651 699 1,372 Note: “Asian” and “black” include Hispanics and non-Hispanics who identify themselves as being of the respective race alone.

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