By Yoseph Bar-Cohen
Mimicking nature – from technology fiction to engineering reality
Humans have consistently regarded to nature’s innovations as a resource of notion. The commentary of flying birds and bugs ends up in strategies in aeronautics. Collision avoidance sensors mimic the whiskers of rodents. Optimization algorithms are according to survival of the fittest, the seed-picking strategy of pigeons, or the habit of ant colonies. in recent times those efforts became extra extensive, with researchers looking ideas, ideas, and rules of biology to motivate new probabilities in fabrics, mechanisms, algorithms, and fabrication tactics. A evaluation of the present nation of the art, Biomimetics: Nature established Innovation files key organic strategies that supply a version for options in engineering and technology.
Leading specialists deal with quite a lot of themes, together with:
- Artificial senses and organs
- Mimicry on the cell–materials interface
- Multiscale modeling of plant mobilephone wall structure and tissue mechanics
- The making of biomimetic composites
- Electroactive polymer (EAP) actuators as synthetic muscles
- EAP-based refreshable braille displays
- Biomimetic optics from the angles of biology and plants
- Biomimicry of flying birds, bugs, and marine biology
- Applications of biomimetics in production, items, and medicine
- Robotics, together with the advance of human-like robots
- Biologically encouraged layout as a device for interdisciplinary education
- The biomimetic procedure in creative creation
The ultimate bankruptcy outlines the demanding situations to biomimetic-related innovation and provides a imaginative and prescient for the future.
A follow-up to Biomimetics: Biologically encouraged Technologies (2005), this complete reference methodically surveys the newest advances during this quickly rising box. It gains an abundance of illustrations, together with a 32-page full-color insert, and offers large references for engineers and scientists attracted to delving deeper into the examine of biomimetics.
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Additional resources for Biomimetics: Nature-Based Innovation
13 (a) The honeycomb is used by the honeybee to lay eggs and store honey to feed their offsprings. (b) The same structure is also used for making aircraft structures, taking advantage of the high compressive strength and low weight. the honeycomb serves as a highly efficient packing container for their offsprings and for food storage when their eggs hatch. On the other hand, the honeycomb in aircraft structures provides highly efficient space filler structures that are light and strong. , wings, elevators, tail, floor, and many other parts), taking advantage of their important properties of low weight and high compressive strength.
5 Nature as a Source of Innovation for Operation in Water Inspiration for operating in water has many marine biology models. Fins have been an important invention for use by swimmers and divers, allowing them to significantly enhance their performance (Chapter 17). Although it may be arguable that fins were a biologically inspired invention, one can state that it is a common knowledge that swimming creatures have feet with membranes. 23 The goose, like other swimming creatures, has feet with membranes.
Stealing ideas from nature, in S. ), Deployable Structures, Springer-Verlag, Vienna, (2001), pp. 51–58. , Comparative Biomechanics: Life’s Physical World, Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, (2003). P. R. DeJarnette, J. A. V. Strickland, Design, analysis, and testing of mars Tumbleweed rover concepts, Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets, Vol. 45, No. 2, (March–April 2008), p. 31288. C. R. L. A. J. O. Simpson, The aircraft morphing program, Proceedings of the 39th Structures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference and Exhibit, AIAA-98-1927, NASA-Langley Research Center, MS493, (1998).