Asymmetric politics : ideological Republicans and group by Matt Grossmann

By Matt Grossmann

Why do Republican politicians promise to rein in govt, in simple terms to stand repeated rebellions from Republican electorate and media critics for betraying their rules? Why do Democratic politicians suggest an array of alternative guidelines to check the variety in their supporters, in basic terms to develop into mired in stark demographic divisions over factor priorities? briefly, why do the 2 events act so differently-whether within the citizens, at the crusade path, or in public office?

Asymmetric Politics deals a finished rationalization: The Republican celebration is the automobile of an ideological stream whereas the Democratic occasion is a coalition of social teams. Republican leaders prize conservatism and allure aid through pledging loyalty to extensive values. Democratic leaders in its place search concrete executive motion, attractive to citizens' workforce identities and pursuits via endorsing particular policies.

This clean and accomplished research finds how Democrats and Republicans imagine otherwise approximately politics, depend on distinctive assets of knowledge, argue previous each other, and pursue divergent ambitions in executive. It offers a rigorous new knowing of up to date polarization and governing disorder whereas demonstrating how longstanding positive aspects of yankee politics and public coverage replicate our uneven get together system.

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5 points—​about one-​fourth—​a nd never recovered… . That movement would have been huge had it been temporary. 16 The time series presented in Figure 2-​1 confirms this decline in liberal self-​identification during the 1960s but also finds thermostatic responsiveness to the direction of national policy: liberals made relative gains during the Republican presidencies of Richard Nixon and Ronald Reagan, while conservatives became more numerous during the Jimmy Carter and first Bill Clinton administrations; there has also been a more recent trend toward greater relative liberalism.

Democratic identifiers and activists rarely cite concepts like equality, justice, or fairness in support of their political choices, employing these concepts even less frequently than their rare references to liberal or leftist identification or a general preference for government activism. In fact, many survey respondents who have been classified as “group benefits” voters have made no mention of policy or its effects, but instead have simply reported their perceptions of the kinds of people who belong to each party.

15 Similarly, the relatively ideological nature of the Republicans and the group-​based organization of the Democrats are themselves stable and long-​standing attributes of the American two-​party system, visible over decades of political history and remaining intact into the 21st century. PARTY ASYMMETRY IN SYMBOLIC IDEOLOGY Because American political culture has prized individualism and distrusted state authority since the nation’s founding, conservative ideology has long held a strong popular appeal.

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