Armed robbers in action : stickups and street culture by Richard T. Wright, Scott H. Decker, Neal Shover

By Richard T. Wright, Scott H. Decker, Neal Shover

Probably the most feared crimes between city dwellers, armed theft poses a major threat of damage or dying, and offers daunting demanding situations for legislation enforcement. but little is understood in regards to the advanced elements that inspire assailants who use a weapon to take estate by way of strength or risk of force.

Armed Robbers in motion isn't really like earlier reviews that target the customarily distorted money owed of incarcerated offenders. Richard T. Wright and Scott H. Decker carried out harmful, life-threatening box study at the streets of St. Louis to procure extra forthright responses from robbers approximately their explanations and techniques. additionally they visited a number of crime scenes to ascertain how situational and spatial positive aspects of the atmosphere contributed to the offense. Quoting largely from their conversations with the offenders, the authors think about the situations underlying the choice to devote an armed theft, discover how and why pursuits are selected, and element a few of the strategies utilized in a hold-up.

By examining the criminals' candid views on their activities and their social surroundings, the authors offer a fuller knowing of armed theft. They finish with an insightful dialogue of the consequences in their findings for crime prevention coverage.

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Example text

Table 3 sets out whether, and to what extent, those in our sample have come into contact with the criminal justice system. Three of the offenders, it can be seen, had never been arrested for any serious offense. Obviously, such offenders would have been excluded had we based our study on a jail or prison population. Perhaps a more relevant measure, however, is the experience of the offenders with the criminal justice system on charges of robbery. , Einstadter 1969; Figgie International 1988; Tunnell 1992).

The trick is to discover exactly how and why the day-to-day activities of offenders lead to crime. Only then might we be able to disrupt those activities before an offense is committed (see Cornish 1994). In the chapters that follow we explore the decision-making strategies used by active armed robbers. Our focus, as noted earlier, is on features of the immediate situation that offenders take into account when contemplating and committing their stickups. The only way to see this process realistically, however, is to place it within the broader context of the offenders' lived experience; their decisions are shaped by everything from prevailing emotional states to internalized cultural forces.

I don't have time to wait on nothing coming to me every week or every two weeks. (Wallie Cleaver—No. 48) One offender pointed out that armed robbery was much easier than working for a living. [Armed robbery is] not boring, it gets good. The money, as far as paying bills and stuff like that, [robbery is] much easier [compared to] working. It's just like you been living the hustler type of life . . and that's just the kind of life we make, that's just it, [we want easy money]. (John Lee—No. 13) And another added that, having spent many years in prison, he no longer had the time to earn his way to the top through legitimate employment; his only realistic chance of achieving financial security was to pull off a string of lucrative crimes.

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