AQA History AS Unit 2 A New Roman Empire? Mussolini's Italy, by Chris Rowe

By Chris Rowe

Written to hide the AQA historical past a degree Unit 2 specification (HIS2K), our scholar publication offers a centred examine key occasions in Italy from 1922 to 1945 and allows scholars to realize a better knowing of the interval and overview the foremost concerns.

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Factors that seriously limited Mussolini's freedom of action. S u m ma ry q uestions Explain why there was a March on Rome in 1 922. fJ Explain why the democratic opposition fai led to stop Fascism in the years 1 92 2 to 1 92 7. 2 M a ki ng Ita l i a ns i n· t o Fascists Fig. 1 fvtussolini at a fascist rally in the 1920s In this chapteryou will learn about: ARTI. ClE 36: �taly considers the teaching of Christian dodJTiiJrre miTll • the reasons for fascist of pubHc educatron. grees tnart the re:Hgious teadrirrg po litica l d o m i n a nce u nd e r M ussoli n i accordance with CathoHc tradition as both the basis and the OiUWVll now gtven in the pubtiic e�ementary schools shan� be extemdedl to tthe secondary schools.

Fig. 8 The signing of the Lateran Pacts Any anti-fascist activity by Catholics was virtually eliminated. Mussolini had always known that Catholicism was too deeply rooted in Italian society for it to be crushed by direct attack. The Lateran Pacts meant his regime would be supported and approved by the vast network of priests . Both internally and abroad, Mussolini gained massive prestige. He had achieved something no government in the 60 years of the united Italy had been able to do. It made him seem like a statesman and a 1nan of peace.

Mussolini's position was strengthened by econmnic success. He was fortunate to cmne to power just as the underlying economic situation was beginning to improve. From 1 922, there was a spurt of economic growth and a revival of international trade. Fascism had little to do with this econmnic recovery. Mussolini appointed Alberto De Stefani as Finance Minister and allowed him to follow traditional liberal economic policies based on free trade and support for industry. From 1 92 5, Mussolini introduced more openly fascist policies, especially his 1economic battles', which were only partially successful in economic terms but did a lot to boost his popularity.

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