America Identified: Biometric Technology and Society by Lisa S. Nelson

By Lisa S. Nelson

Using biometric know-how for identity has long past from Orwellian delusion to daily truth. This expertise, which verifies or acknowledges a person's id in accordance with physiological, anatomical, or behavioral styles (including fingerprints, retina, handwriting, and keystrokes) has been deployed for such reasons as scuffling with welfare fraud, screening aircraft passengers, and picking terrorists. The accompanying controversy has pitted those that compliment the technology's accuracy and potency opposed to advocates for privateness and civil liberties. In the USA pointed out, Lisa Nelson investigates the complicated public responses to biometric know-how. She makes use of societal perceptions of this actual id know-how to discover the values, ideals, and ideologies that effect public recognition of expertise. Drawing on her personal vast examine with concentration teams and a countrywide survey, Nelson unearths that concerns of privateness, anonymity, belief and self assurance in associations, and the legitimacy of paternalistic executive interventions are very important to clients and strength clients of the know-how. She examines the lengthy background of presidency structures of id and the controversies they've got encouraged; the influence of the data expertise revolution and the occasions of September eleven, 2001; the normative worth of privateness (as against its simply felony definition); where of surveillance applied sciences in a civil society; belief in executive and mistrust in the extended position of presidency; and the stability among the necessity for presidency to act to avoid damage and the potential chance to liberty in government's activities.

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Some participants rated mother’s maiden name and place of birth as relatively safe, because these pieces of information are not widely known by others and do not tend to 44 Chapter 1 be listed or recorded in places other than a birth certificate. Nonetheless, many participants across groups suggested that if the information can be stolen, overall level of security falls and can result in a violation of informational privacy. Generally address, date of birth, and drivers’ license number were perceived as less safe.

Despite the enabling language of Executive Order 9397, the use of social security 42 Chapter 1 numbers was limited until the arrival of computer systems, when the utility of the number exploded and governmental agencies began to use it as a form of identification and individuals self-identified with it (Watner and McElroy 2004). In time, the use of the social security number spread through the public and private sectors, giving rise to the misuse of the number for fraud and misrepresentation, which led to considerations of more secure systems of identification.

2005, 12). The extracted features are compared against the stored templates to generate match scores to either verify identity or discover identity. In this process, there can be errors, including failure to capture (FTC) and failure to enroll (FTE). The FTC rate can be relevant when the biometric identification system is used in an open event or in an automatic enrollment process. This type of error occurs when the biometric identifier is lacking in quality—an extremely faint fingerprint or an occluded face, for example.

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