By Peter Gatrell
"... a sign contribution to a starting to be literature on a phenomenon that has develop into tragically pervasive within the twentieth century.... This hugely unique account combines exemplary empirical study with the really appropriate program of different easy methods to discover the far-reaching ramifications of 'a entire empire walking.'" -- Vucinich Prize citation"An vital contribution not just to fashionable Russian historical past but in addition to an ongoing repositioning of Russia in broader ecu and global old processes.... elegantly written... hugely innovative." -- Europe-Asia experiences Drawing on formerly unused archival fabric in Russia, Latvia, and Armenia and on insights from social and demanding conception, Peter Gatrell considers the origins of displacement and its political implications and offers an in depth research of humanitarian tasks and the relationships among refugees and the groups during which they settled.
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Extra resources for A Whole Empire Walking: Refugees in Russia during World War I (Indiana-Michigan Series in Russian and East European Studies)
133 This brings us to the question of what belongings refugees could take with them. Some refugees drove horses ahead of them and were thus able to save some of their most valuable assets, but these were the lucky ones. 135 Thousands of horses were simply abandoned. In the course of one and a half months, around 50,000 horses were placed at the disposal of the regional refugee commissioner. He offered them to provincial zemstvos in European Russia, but the authorities would agree to accept them only on condition that they could inspect each animal, something that the commissioner regarded as a ludicrous waste of resources.
To this extent, refugees became the pawns in a tortuous game of political intrigue. 34 A Whole Empire Walking The key players in this struggle were, on the one hand, the Ministry of the Interior and, on the other, the newly formed “public organizations” (obshchestvennye organizatsii)—the unions of towns and zemstvos.
132 Ministers anticipated many more such encounters when refugees eventually settled in the Russian interior. 30 A Whole Empire Walking The unwillingness of refugees to keep to the routes that were supposedly earmarked for them represented another form of disorderly behavior. 133 This brings us to the question of what belongings refugees could take with them. Some refugees drove horses ahead of them and were thus able to save some of their most valuable assets, but these were the lucky ones. 135 Thousands of horses were simply abandoned.