A Theory of Parties and Electoral Systems by Richard S. Katz

By Richard S. Katz

Political events and elections are the mainsprings of recent democracy. during this vintage quantity, Richard S. Katz explores the matter of ways a given electoral method impacts the function of political events and how within which occasion contributors are elected. He develops and assessments a idea of the variations within the team spirit, ideological habit, and factor orientation of Western parliamentary events at the foundation of the electoral platforms lower than which they compete. a regular within the box of political concept and inspiration, The idea of events and the Electoral System contributes to a greater knowing of parliamentary social gathering constructions and demonstrates the vast application of the rationalistic method for explaining habit derived from the self-interest of political actors.

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Extra resources for A Theory of Parties and Electoral Systems

Sample text

The American direct primary allows voters to choose the candidate who will compete under their party's banner in the general election. With PR, the order in which candidates are declared elected might be determined by a separate preference vote cast by electors choosing that party. The Japanese electoral system, discussed chapter 1, allows the voters to decide among a party's several candidates in a multimember plurality system. Obviously, many other devices are possible for allowing voters to choose personalities as well as parties.

2 One of the problems confronting anyone attempting cross-cultural analysis of political parties is the lack of comparable data. While the professional and journalistic literature describing many parties is enormous, and there is a wealth of information available in official party publications, this material is often in a variety of languages. Furthermore, each work is likely to be based on a separate framework not easily translated to any standardized form usable in a systematic comparative analysis.

Alliances and coalitions among parties are more likely when there is ordinal choice allowed to the voters than when the voters' choice is categoric, The nature of choice also leads to a prediction regarding issue orientation: 8. Parties competing in systems with categoric choice will be more issue oriented than parties competing where an ordinal choice is allowed. Finally, the pattern of cohesion or disunity exhibited by a party in parliament may be predicted from district magnitude, the possibility of intraparty choice, and the distribution of resources in the country: 9.

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