By Eric Acheson
This ebook examines the fifteenth-century gentry of Leicestershire less than 5 huge headings: as landholders, as individuals of a social neighborhood in keeping with the county, as members in and leaders of the govt of the shire, as individuals of the broader family and, eventually, as participants. Economically assertive, they have been additionally socially cohesive, this harmony being supplied through the shire neighborhood. The shire additionally supplied crucial political unit, managed by way of an oligarchy of greater gentry households who have been quite self sustaining of outdoor interference. the elemental social unit was once the extended family, yet exterior impacts, supplied by means of crisis for the broader family members, the lineage or financial and political development, weren't significant determinants of relations process. Individualism one of the gentry was once already proven through the 15th century, revealing its group of workers as a confident and assured stratum in overdue medieval English society.
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Extra resources for A Gentry Community: Leicestershire in the Fifteenth Century, c.1422-c.1485
370-1). , x, pp. 126-8). , vi, pp. 130-3; Nichols, 11, p. 557. , vi, pp. 155-60; Nichols, 11, p. 869. C xi, pp. 567-70; Nichols, 11, pp. 18, 19. C xi, pp. 543—6; Nichols, 11, pp. 446, 509. C XII, pp. 378-97; Nichols, 11, p. 635. R 1452-61, p. C, xi, p. 105; Paston Letters, 11, p. 185. 66 Nichols, II, pp. 18, 38, 296, 300, 713. For distribution of manors held in demesne by the nobility, see map 3. 6? 69 A widow's jointure was a heavy burden on the patrimony and for most of the fifteenth century each succeeding lord Roos failed to have full possession of his estate.
1452—61, p. 669. 106 I07 Lists and Indexes, ix, p. 145. Wedgwood, Register, p. 653. , Hastings, 1, p. xiii. , p. 294; Nichols, 1, p. , 11, p. , in, p. , iv, pp. 21, 430, 616. , Hastings, 1, pp. ) 101 2 5 A gentry community Such extensive holdings assured the Hastings family a foremost position among the county's leading gentry but it was Sir Leonard's son, William, who laid the foundations of the family's greatness. Like his father before him, William was a retainer of Richard, duke of York. He was present at the 'Rout of Ludford Bridge' in October 1459, but may have been among those who counselled against fighting the king and who afterwards, in response to an appeal to the king's grace, received 'mercy bothe of lyffe and lym'.
113 At the end of March, however, he fought at the battle of Towton where his martial accomplishments were sufficiently marked for him to receive a knighthood. 114 Thereafter, Hastings' rise in power and prestige was rapid. On the national level he was appointed councillor and created "° Gregory's Chronicle, p. 207. , 1452-61, pp. 552, 577. W. H. Dunham, 'Lord Hastings' indentured retainers, 1461-1483', Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences, 39, 1955, p. 20, asserts that Hastings was attainted (no reference provided).